5 Surprising Reasons Why Your Gums are Bleeding and How to Fix Them


Are your gums bleeding, and you’re not sure why? No need to worry! Let’s explore five unexpected reasons behind this issue and learn how to solve it. Let’s begin your path to healthier gums today!

Common causes of bleeding gums

Various factors can lead to bleeding gums, affecting our oral health differently:

  1. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy or menstruation can cause swollen and bleeding gums due to increased progesterone levels.
  2. Vitamin Deficiencies: Lack of vitamins C and K can weaken gum tissues, making them prone to bleeding.
  3. Medication Side Effects: Certain medications, like blood thinners, can increase gum bleeding risk.
  4. Stress: Stress triggers cortisol production, leading to gum inflammation and bleeding.
  5. Gum Disease: The most common cause of bleeding gums is gum disease, resulting from plaque buildup.

How to fix bleeding gums

Now that we’ve uncovered the possible reasons behind bleeding gums, let’s explore how to restore gum health effectively:

  1. Enhance Oral Hygiene: Brush teeth gently twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Focus on the gumline and ensure thorough cleaning of all tooth surfaces. Floss daily to remove plaque between teeth and consider using an antimicrobial mouthwash.
  2. Gum Massage: Massage gums gently in circular motions with a clean finger or soft toothbrush to improve circulation and reduce inflammation. Tools like gum massagers or water flossers with massaging tips can provide targeted relief.
  3. Saltwater Rinse: Soothe inflamed gums and reduce bleeding by swishing a saltwater solution (half teaspoon of salt in warm water) in your mouth for 30 seconds a few times daily. Saltwater has natural antiseptic properties that aid healing.
  4. Balanced Diet: Consume foods rich in vitamins C and K, like citrus fruits, leafy greens, and lean proteins, to support gum health. Avoid sugary and processed foods, as they contribute to plaque buildup and inflammation.
  5. Quit Smoking: Smoking weakens the immune system and restricts blood flow, impairing gum healing and increasing infection risk. Quitting smoking is crucial for oral health and overall well-being.

Preventing bleeding gums

Preventing bleeding gums is easier than treating it. Here are some simple habits to keep your gums healthy:

  1. Regular Dental Check-ups: Visit your dentist for routine check-ups to catch any issues early. Cleanings remove plaque buildup that brushing may miss.
  2. Gentle Brushing: Avoid aggressive brushing to prevent gum irritation and recession. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle circular motions.
  3. Electric Toothbrush: Consider using an electric toothbrush for effective cleaning without excess pressure, reducing the risk of gum disease.
  4. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to wash away food debris and bacteria, keeping your mouth hydrated and preventing dryness.
  5. Stress Management: To handle stress, find healthy ways like exercise, meditation, or being with loved ones to cope with stress. Make self-care a priority and set aside time for relaxing activities.


Understanding the various reasons behind gum bleeding can guide you in taking the right steps to address the issue. From hormonal changes to stress and gum disease, several factors contribute to this problem. By adopting effective techniques like improving oral hygiene, considering gum massages, using saltwater rinses, maintaining a balanced diet, and quitting smoking, you can restore gum health and prevent future issues. Don’t ignore bleeding gums; consult your dentist for proper evaluation and treatment. Call Sunrise Village Dental at (604) 253-2433 to book an appointment. With proper care, you can achieve healthy gums and a radiant smile.

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